Asian Arowana

   The Asian arowana comprises several varieties of freshwater fish in the genus Scleropages. Some sources differentiate these varieties into multiplespecies, while others consider the different strains to belong to a single species, Scleropages formosus. They have several other common names, including Asian bonytongue, Dragon fish, and a number of names specific to different varieties.

The most exclusive and often best colored arowana in the whole family originated from the South East Asia mainly from Malaysia and Indonesia. Basically there are 5 main types of South East Asia Arowana, namely Malaysian Golden Arowana from West Malaysia, Red Arowana from West Kalimantan Indonesia, Red Tail Golden Arowana from Pekan Baru Sumatra Indonesia, Silver Arowana from Borneo Indonesia and Green Arowana, which can be found in rivers of Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand.

There are three types of arowana commonly cultured in Malaysia, namely the Golden Arowana, Red Arowana and the Green Arowana. Malaysia is the origin of the most expensive and colorful golden arowana. The Malaysian Golden Arowana is endemic to the Bukit Merah Lake in Perak, while the Nami-Green or Green-Batik Arowana is endemic to the Pedu Lake in Kedah. Both of the strains are highly demand and fetch very high price in the local and international market.
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Malaysia Golden Arowana

   There are many varieties of Malaysian Golden Arowana, but the most popular in the market are the Blue Base Golden, High Back Golden and Cross Back Golden. The Blue Base Golden is known to be the original strain from Bukit Merah Lake and Kerian River and its tributaries. The quality of Golden Arowana is classified by observing the metallic based color and the level of golden scale. The fully golden or all round golden is known as cross back, while the half golden scale known as high back and golden quality between the cross back and the high back is known as super high back.  

   The Malaysian Golden Arowana further classified into several classes based on the basic color scales, namely Purple-Based Arowana (basic color purple), Blue-Based Arowana (primary color blue), Gold-Based Arowana (gold base color), and Silver-Based Arowana (silver base color). Gold-Based color is known to achieve full color at a younger age than other varieties.

   Beside size, the brightness of the metallic base color and the level of goldenness of the scale will determine the quality and price of the Arowana.  Malaysia Golden Arowana, fin and dossal usually red in color.

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